The heat transfer performance of Plate Fin Heat Sink (PFHS) has been investigated experimentally and extensively. Commonly, the objective function of the PFHS design is based on the responses of simulations. Compared with existing studies, the purpose of this study is to transfer from analysis-based model to image-based one for heat sink designs. Compared with the popular objective function based on maximum, mean, variance values etc., more information should be involved in image-based and thus a more objective model should be constructed. It means that the sequential optimization should be based on images instead of responses and more reasonable solutions should be obtained. Therefore, an image-based reconstruction model of a heat transfer process for a 3D-PFHS is established. Unlike image recognition, such procedure cannot be implemented by existing recognition algorithms (e.g. Convolutional Neural Network) directly. Therefore, a Reconstructive Neural Network (ReConNN), integrated supervised learning and unsupervised learning techniques, is suggested and improved to achieve higher accuracy. According to the experimental results, the heat transfer process can be observed more detailed and clearly, and the reconstructed results are meaningful for the further optimizations.
We present a self-supervised approach to training convolutional neural networks for dense depth estimation from monocular endoscopy data without a priori modeling of anatomy or shading. Our method only requires monocular endoscopic video and a multi-view stereo method, e.g. structure from motion, to supervise learning in a sparse manner. Consequently, our method requires neither manual labeling nor patient computed tomography (CT) scan in the training and application phases. In a cross-patient experiment using CT scans as groundtruth, the proposed method achieved submillimeter root mean squared error. In a comparison study to a recent self-supervised depth estimation method designed for natural video on in vivo sinus endoscopy data, we demonstrate that the proposed approach outperforms the previous method by a large margin. The source code for this work is publicly available online at https://github.com/lppllppl920/EndoscopyDepthEstimation-Pytorch.
Action recognition in videos has attracted a lot of attention in the past decade. In order to learn robust models, previous methods usually assume videos are trimmed as short sequences and require ground-truth annotations of each video frame/sequence, which is quite costly and time-consuming. In this paper, given only video-level annotations, we propose a novel weakly supervised framework to simultaneously locate action frames as well as recognize actions in untrimmed videos. Our proposed framework consists of two major components. First, for action frame localization, we take advantage of the self-attention mechanism to weight each frame, such that the influence of background frames can be effectively eliminated. Second, considering that there are trimmed videos publicly available and also they contain useful information to leverage, we present an additional module to transfer the knowledge from trimmed videos for improving the classification performance in untrimmed ones. Extensive experiments are conducted on two benchmark datasets (i.e., THUMOS14 and ActivityNet1.3), and experimental results clearly corroborate the efficacy of our method.
In this paper, we consider batch supervised learning where an adversary is allowed to corrupt instances with arbitrarily large noise. The adversary is allowed to corrupt any $l$ features in each instance and the adversary can change their values in any way. This noise is introduced on test instances and the algorithm receives no label feedback for these instances. We provide several subspace voting techniques that can be used to transform existing algorithms and prove data-dependent performance bounds in this setting. The key insight to our results is that we set our parameters so that a significant fraction of the voting hypotheses do not contain corrupt features and, for many real world problems, these uncorrupt hypotheses are sufficient to achieve high accuracy. We empirically validate our approach on several datasets including three new datasets that deal with side channel electromagnetic information.
In many application settings, the data are plagued with missing features. These hinder data analysis. An abundant literature addresses missing values in an inferential framework, where the aim is to estimate parameters and their variance from incomplete tables. Here, we consider supervised-learning settings where the objective is to best predict a target when missing values appear in both training and test sets. We analyze which missing-values strategies lead to good prediction. We show the consistency of two approaches to estimating the prediction function. The most striking one shows that the widely-used mean imputation prior to learning method is consistent when missing values are not informative. This is in contrast with inferential settings as mean imputation is known to have serious drawbacks in terms of deformation of the joint and marginal distribution of the data. That such a simple approach can be consistent has important consequences in practice. This result holds asymptotically when the learning algorithm is consistent in itself. We contribute additional analysis on decision trees as they can naturally tackle empirical risk minimization with missing values. This is due to their ability to handle the half-discrete nature of variables with missing values. After comparing theoretically and empirically different missing-values strategies in trees, we recommend using the missing incorporated in attributes method as it can handle both non-informative and informative missing values.