IBM 即国际商业机器公司(International Business Machines Corporation)。总部在纽约州阿蒙克市,1911年创立于美国,是全球最大的信息技术和业务解决方案公司。 目前拥有全球雇员 30多万人,业务遍及160多个国家和地区。

Quantum computers hold great promise for accelerating computationally challenging algorithms on noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) devices in the upcoming years. Much attention of the current research is directed to algorithmic research on artificial data that is disconnected from live systems, such as optimization of systems or training of learning algorithms. In this paper we investigate the integration of quantum systems into industry-grade system architectures. In this work we propose a system architecture for the integration of quantum accelerators. In order to evaluate our proposed system architecture we implemented various algorithms including a classical system, a gate-based quantum accelerator and a quantum annealer. This algorithm automates user habits using data-driven functions trained on real-world data. This also includes an evaluation of the quantum enhanced kernel, that previously was only evaluated on artificial data. In our evaluation, we showed that the quantum-enhanced kernel performs at least equally well to a classical state-of-the-art kernel. We also showed a low reduction in accuracy and latency numbers within acceptable bounds when running on the gate-based IBM quantum accelerator. We, therefore, conclude it is feasible to integrate NISQ-era devices in industry-grade system architecture in preparation for future hardware improvements.

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We shortly review Bell-diagonal and Werner states of two quantum bits and their characterization, and carry out a detailed experimental study of their generation on the IBM Quantum Experience. To this end we propose new circuits and tomography. One circuit involves only two quantum bits but requires adapted quantum tomography routines handling classical bits in parallel. For the first time the entire class of Bell-diagonal states is generated. A number of characteristic indicators, namely entanglement of formation, CHSH non-locality, steering and quantum discord, are evaluated over the full parameter space and compared with theory.

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Classification of seizure type is a key step in the clinical process for evaluating an individual who presents with seizures. It determines the course of clinical diagnosis and treatment, and its impact stretches beyond the clinical domain to epilepsy research and the development of novel therapies. Automated identification of seizure type may facilitate understanding of the disease, and seizure detection and prediction has been the focus of recent research that has sought to exploit the benefits of machine learning and deep learning architectures. Nevertheless, there is not yet a definitive solution for automating the classification of seizure type, a task that must currently be performed by an expert epileptologist. Inspired by recent advances in neural memory networks (NMNs), we introduce a novel approach for the classification of seizure type using electrophysiological data. We first explore the performance of traditional deep learning techniques which use convolutional and recurrent neural networks, and enhance these architectures by using external memory modules with trainable neural plasticity. We show that our model achieves a state-of-the-art weighted F1 score of 0.945 for seizure type classification on the TUH EEG Seizure Corpus with the IBM TUSZ preprocessed data. This work highlights the potential of neural memory networks to support the field of epilepsy research, along with biomedical research and signal analysis more broadly.

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