黑客(Hacker,台湾译作「骇客」)广义上指在计算机科学,编程以及设计领域有高度理解力的人。 然而,人们通常对黑客一词的理解都是取其狭义的涵义,即信息安全领域的黑客: 未经许可入侵他人系统并窃取数据信息等的可以视为 黑帽黑客,也可取侩客 cracker 的涵义。
而主要从事安全检测,系统调试,技术研究的安全从业者可称为 白帽黑客
还有一种存在称为「脚本小子」,往往冒充黑客也常被人误认为是「黑客」,其实是利用一些现有的工具或者程序达到入侵或破解等目的,然而其知识储备以及对技术的理解力却完全不符合广义黑客的标准,甚至不及狭义黑客标准。

最新论文

Alerted by our previous research as well as media reports and discussions in online forums about ageism in the software industry, we set out to study the public discourse around age and software development. With a focus on the USA, we analyzed popular online articles and related discussions on Hacker News through the lens of (perceived) employability issues and potential mitigation strategies. Besides rather controversial strategies such as disguising age-related aspects in r\'esum\'es or undergoing plastic surgeries to appear young, we highlight the importance of keeping up-to-date, specializing in certain tasks or technologies, and present role transitions as a way forward for veteran developers. With this article, we want to build awareness among decision makers in software projects to help them anticipate and mitigate challenges that their older employees may face.

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