维特比算法是一种动态规划算法用于寻找最有可能产生观测事件序列的-维特比路径-隐含状态序列,特别是在马尔可夫信息源上下文和隐马尔可夫模型中。术语“维特比路径”和“维特比算法”也被用于寻找观察结果最有可能解释相关的动态规划算法。例如在统计句法分析中动态规划算法可以被用于发现最可能的上下文无关的派生(解析)的字符串,有时被称为“维特比分析”。

最新论文

Tail-biting convolutional codes extend the classical zero-termination convolutional codes: Both encoding schemes force the equality of start and end states, but under the tail-biting each state is a valid termination. This paper proposes a machine-learning approach to improve the state-of-the-art decoding of tail-biting codes, focusing on the widely employed short length regime as in the LTE standard. This standard also includes a CRC code. First, we parameterize the circular Viterbi algorithm, a baseline decoder that exploits the circular nature of the underlying trellis. An ensemble combines multiple such weighted decoders, each decoder specializes in decoding words from a specific region of the channel words' distribution. A region corresponds to a subset of termination states; the ensemble covers the entire states space. A non-learnable gating satisfies two goals: it filters easily decoded words and mitigates the overhead of executing multiple weighted decoders. The CRC criterion is employed to choose only a subset of experts for decoding purpose. Our method achieves FER improvement of up to 0.75dB over the CVA in the waterfall region for multiple code lengths, adding negligible computational complexity compared to the circular Viterbi algorithm in high SNRs.

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