OCR (Optical Character Recognition,光学字符识别)是指电子设备(例如扫描仪或数码相机)检查纸上打印的字符,通过检测暗、亮的模式确定其形状,然后用字符识别方法将形状翻译成计算机文字的过程;即,针对印刷体字符,采用光学的方式将纸质文档中的文字转换成为黑白点阵的图像文件,并通过识别软件将图像中的文字转换成文本格式,供文字处理软件进一步编辑加工的技术。


Feature representation in the form of spatio-spectral decomposition is one of the robust techniques adopted in automatic handwritten character recognition systems. In this regard, we propose a new image representation approach for unconstrained handwritten alphanumeric characters using sparse concept coded Tetrolets. Tetrolets, which does not use fixed dyadic square blocks for spectral decomposition like conventional wavelets, preserve the localized variations in handwritings by adopting tetrominoes those capture the shape geometry. The sparse concept coding of low entropy Tetrolet representation is found to extract the important hidden information (concept) for superior pattern discrimination. Large scale experimentation using ten databases in six different scripts (Bangla, Devanagari, Odia, English, Arabic and Telugu) has been performed. The proposed feature representation along with standard classifiers such as random forest, support vector machine (SVM), nearest neighbor and modified quadratic discriminant function (MQDF) is found to achieve state-of-the-art recognition performance in all the databases, viz. 99.40% (MNIST); 98.72% and 93.24% (IITBBS); 99.38% and 99.22% (ISI Kolkata). The proposed OCR system is shown to perform better than other sparse based techniques such as PCA, SparsePCA and SparseLDA, as well as better than existing transforms (Wavelet, Slantlet and Stockwell).