MQ全称为Message Queue, 消息队列(MQ)是一种应用程序对应用程序的通信方法。应用程序通过读写出入队列的消息(针对应用程序的数据)来通信,而无需专用连接来链接它们。消 息传递指的是程序之间通过在消息中发送数据进行通信,而不是通过直接调用彼此来通信,直接调用通常是用于诸如远程过程调用的技术。排队指的是应用程序通过 队列来通信。队列的使用除去了接收和发送应用程序同时执行的要求。其中较为成熟的MQ产品有IBM WEBSPHERE MQ。

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In this work we present kiwiPy, a Python library designed to support robust message based communication for high-throughput, big-data, applications while being general enough to be useful wherever high-volumes of messages need to be communicated in a predictable manner. KiwiPy relies on the RabbitMQ protocol, an industry standard message broker, while providing a simple and intuitive interface that can be used in both multithreaded and coroutine based applications. To demonstrate some of kiwiPy's functionality we give examples from AiiDA, a high-throughput simulation platform, where kiwiPy is used as a key component of the workflow engine.

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