奇异值是矩阵里的概念,一般通过奇异值分解定理求得。设A为m*n阶矩阵,q=min(m,n),A*A的q个非负特征值的算术平方根叫作A的奇异值。奇异值分解是线性代数和矩阵论中一种重要的矩阵分解法,适用于信号处理和统计学等领域。

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The architecture and the parameters of neural networks are often optimized independently, which requires costly retraining of the parameters whenever the architecture is modified. In this work we instead focus on growing the architecture without requiring costly retraining. We present a method that adds new neurons during training without impacting what is already learned, while improving the training dynamics. We achieve the latter by maximizing the gradients of the new weights and find the optimal initialization efficiently by means of the singular value decomposition (SVD). We call this technique Gradient Maximizing Growth (GradMax) and demonstrate its effectiveness in variety of vision tasks and architectures.

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