Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) comprises tools and algorithms that allow querying multidimensional databases. It is based on the multidimensional model, where data can be seen as a cube such that each cell contains one or more measures that can be aggregated along dimensions. In a Big Data scenario, traditional data warehousing and OLAP operations are clearly not sufficient to address current data analysis requirements, for example, social network analysis. Furthermore, OLAP operations and models can expand the possibilities of graph analysis beyond the traditional graph-based computation. Nevertheless, there is not much work on the problem of taking OLAP analysis to the graph data model. This paper proposes a formal multidimensional model for graph analysis, that considers the basic graph data, and also background information in the form of dimension hierarchies. The graphs in this model are node- and edge-labelled directed multi-hypergraphs, called graphoids, which can be defined at several different levels of granularity using the dimensions associated with them. Operations analogous to the ones used in typical OLAP over cubes are defined over graphoids. The paper presents a formal definition of the graphoid model for OLAP, proves that the typical OLAP operations on cubes can be expressed over the graphoid model, and shows that the classic data cube model is a particular case of the graphoid data model. Finally, a case study supports the claim that, for many kinds of OLAP-like analysis on graphs, the graphoid model works better than the typical relational OLAP alternative, and for the classic OLAP queries, it remains competitive.
This paper introduces LMFAO (Layered Multiple Functional Aggregate Optimization), an in-memory optimization and execution engine for batches of aggregates over the input database. The primary motivation for this work stems from the observation that for a variety of analytics over databases, their data-intensive tasks can be decomposed into group-by aggregates over the join of the input database relations. We exemplify the versatility and competitiveness of LMFAO for a handful of widely used analytics: learning ridge linear regression, classification trees, regression trees, and the structure of Bayesian networks using Chow-Liu trees; and data cubes used for exploration in data warehousing. LMFAO consists of several layers of logical and code optimizations that systematically exploit sharing of computation, parallelism, and code specialization. We conducted two types of performance benchmarks. In experiments with four datasets, LMFAO outperforms by several orders of magnitude on one hand, a commercial database system and MonetDB for computing batches of aggregates, and on the other hand, TensorFlow, Scikit, R, and AC/DC for learning a variety of models over databases.
Big Data technology is described. Big data is a popular term used to describe the exponential growth and availability of data, both structured and unstructured. There is constructed dataspace architecture. Dataspace has focused solely - and passionately - on providing unparalleled expertise in business intelligence and data warehousing strategy and implementation. Dataspaces are an abstraction in data management that aims to overcome some of the problems encountered in data integration system. In our case it is block vector for heterogeneous data representation. Traditionally, data integration and data exchange systems have aimed to offer many of the purported services of dataspace systems. Dataspaces can be viewed as a next step in the evolution of data integration architectures, but are distinct from current data integration systems in the following way. Data integration systems require semantic integration before any services can be provided. Hence, although there is not a single schema to which all the data conforms and the data resides in a multitude of host systems, the data integration system knows the precise relationships between the terms used in each schema. As a result, significant up-front effort is required in order to set up a data integration system. For realization of data integration from different sources we used SQL Server Integration Services, SSIS. For developing the portal as an architectural pattern there is used pattern Model-View-Controller (MVC). There is specifics debug operation data space as a complex system. The query translator in Backus/Naur Form is give.
Apache Hive is an open-source relational database system for analytic big-data workloads. In this paper we describe the key innovations on the journey from batch tool to fully fledged enterprise data warehousing system. We present a hybrid architecture that combines traditional MPP techniques with more recent big data and cloud concepts to achieve the scale and performance required by today's analytic applications. We explore the system by detailing enhancements along four main axis: Transactions, optimizer, runtime, and federation. We then provide experimental results to demonstrate the performance of the system for typical workloads and conclude with a look at the community roadmap.
The development of increasingly complex IoT systems requires large engineering environments. These environments generally consist of tools from different vendors and are not necessarily integrated well with each other. In order to automate various analyses, queries across resources from multiple tools have to be executed in parallel to the engineering activities. In this paper, we identify the necessary requirements on such a query capability and evaluate different architectures according to these requirements. We propose an improved lifecycle query architecture, which builds upon the existing Tracked Resource Set (TRS) protocol, and complements it with the MQTT messaging protocol in order to allow the data in the warehouse to be kept updated in real-time. As part of the case study focusing on the development of an IoT automated warehouse, this architecture was implemented for a toolchain integrated using RESTful microservices and linked data.
This article presents the implementation process of a Data Warehouse and a multidimensional analysis of business data for a holding company in the financial sector. The goal is to create a business intelligence system that, in a simple, quick but also versatile way, allows the access to updated, aggregated, real and/or projected information, regarding bank account balances. The established system extracts and processes the operational database information which supports cash management information by using Integration Services and Analysis Services tools from Microsoft SQL Server. The end-user interface is a pivot table, properly arranged to explore the information available by the produced cube. The results have shown that the adoption of online analytical processing cubes offers better performance and provides a more automated and robust process to analyze current and provisional aggregated financial data balances compared to the current process based on static reports built from transactional databases.
With the need for flexible and on-demand decision support, Dynamic Data Warehouses (DDW) provide benefits over traditional data warehouses due to their dynamic characteristics in structuring and access mechanism. A DDW is a data framework that accommodates data source changes easily to allow seamless querying to users. Materialized Views (MV) are proven to be an effective methodology to enhance the process of retrieving data from a DDW as results are pre-computed and stored in it. However, due to the static nature of materialized views, the level of dynamicity that can be provided at the MV access layer is restricted. As a result, the collection of materialized views is not compatible with ever-changing reporting requirements. It is important that the MV collection is consistent with current and upcoming queries. The solution to the above problem must consider the following aspects: (a) MV must be matched against an OLAP query in order to recognize whether the MV can answer the query, (b) enable scalability in the MV collection, an intuitive mechanism to prune it and retrieve closely matching MVs must be incorporated, (c) MV collection must be able to evolve in correspondence to the regularly changing user query patterns. Therefore, the primary objective of this paper is to explore these aspects and provide a well-rounded solution for the MV access layer to remove the mismatch between the MV collection and reporting requirements. Our contribution to solve the problem includes a Query Matching Technique, a Domain Matching Technique and Maintenance of the MV collection. We developed an experimental platform using real data-sets to evaluate the effectiveness in terms of performance and precision of the proposed techniques.
Research in data warehousing and OLAP has produced important technologies for the design, management and use of information systems for decision support. With the development of Internet, the availability of various types of data has increased. Thus, users require applications to help them obtaining knowledge from the Web. One possible solution to facilitate this task is to extract information from the Web, transform and load it to a Web Warehouse, which provides uniform access methods for automatic processing of the data. In this chapter, we present three innovative researches recently introduced to extend the capabilities of decision support systems, namely (1) the use of XML as a logical and physical model for complex data warehouses, (2) associating data mining to OLAP to allow elaborated analysis tasks for complex data and (3) schema evolution in complex data warehouses for personalized analyses. Our contributions cover the main phases of the data warehouse design process: data integration and modeling and user driven-OLAP analysis.
Performance evaluation is a key issue for designers and users of Database Management Systems (DBMSs). Performance is generally assessed with software benchmarks that help, e.g., test architectural choices, compare different technologies or tune a system. In the particular context of data warehousing and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP), although the Transaction Processing Performance Council (TPC) aims at issuing standard decision-support benchmarks, few benchmarks do actually exist. We present in this chapter the Data Warehouse Engineering Benchmark (DWEB), which allows generating various ad-hoc synthetic data warehouses and workloads. DWEB is fully parameterized to fulfill various data warehouse design needs. However, two levels of parameterization keep it relatively easy to tune. We also expand on our previous work on DWEB by presenting its new Extract, Transform, and Load (ETL) feature as well as its new execution protocol. A Java implementation of DWEB is freely available on-line, which can be interfaced with most existing relational DMBSs. To the best of our knowledge, DWEB is the only easily available, up-to-date benchmark for data warehouses.
Data warehousing and OLAP applications must nowadays handle complex data that are not only numerical or symbolic. The XML language is well-suited to logically and physically represent complex data. However, its usage induces new theoretical and practical challenges at the modeling, storage and analysis levels, and a new trend toward XML warehousing has been emerging for a couple of years. Unfortunately, no standard XML data warehouse architecture emerges. In this paper, we propose a unified XML warehouse reference model that synthesizes and enhances related work, and fits into a global XML warehousing and analysis approach we have developed. We also present a software platform that is based on this model, as well as a case study that illustrates its usage.
Cloud computing helps reduce costs, increase business agility and deploy solutions with a high return on investment for many types of applications, including data warehouses and on-line analytical processing. However, storing and transferring sensitive data into the cloud raises legitimate security concerns. In this paper, we propose a new multi-secret sharing approach for deploying data warehouses in the cloud and allowing on-line analysis processing, while enforcing data privacy, integrity and availability. We first validate the relevance of our approach theoretically and then experimentally with both a simple random dataset and the Star Schema Benchmark. We also demonstrate its superiority to related methods.
The data warehousing and OLAP technologies are now moving onto handling complex data that mostly originate from the Web. However, intagrating such data into a decision-support process requires their representation under a form processable by OLAP and/or data mining techniques. We present in this paper a complex data warehousing methodology that exploits XML as a pivot language. Our approach includes the integration of complex data in an ODS, under the form of XML documents; their dimensional modeling and storage in an XML data warehouse; and their analysis with combined OLAP and data mining techniques. We also address the crucial issue of performance in XML warehouses.
In this research paper so as to handle Data in warehousing as well as reduce the wastage of data and provide a better results which takes more and more turn into a focal point of the data source business. Data warehousing and on-line analytical processing (OLAP) are vital fundamentals of resolution hold, which has more and more become a focal point of the database manufacturing. Lots of marketable yield and services be at the present accessible, and the entire primary database management organization vendor nowadays have contributions in the area assessment hold up spaces some quite dissimilar necessities on record technology compare to conventional on-line transaction giving out application. This article gives a general idea of data warehousing and OLAP technologies, with the highlighting on top of their latest necessities. So tools which is used for extract, clean-up and load information into back end of a information warehouse; multidimensional data model usual of OLAP; front end client tools for querying and data analysis; server extension for proficient query processing; and tools for data managing and for administration the warehouse. In adding to survey the circumstances of the art, this article also identify a number of capable research issue, a few which are interrelated to data wastage troubles. In this paper use some new techniques to reduce the wastage of data, provide better results. In this paper take some values, put in anova table and give results through graphs which shows performance.
The explosive growth in the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has resulted in the continued increase in clinical and research data. The lack of standardised terminology, flaws in data quality planning and management of TCM informatics are preventing clinical decision-making, drug discovery and education. This paper argues that the introduction of data warehousing technologies to enhance the effectiveness and durability in TCM is paramount. To showcase the role of data warehousing in the improvement of TCM, this paper presents a practical model for data warehousing with detailed explanation, which is based on the structured electronic records, for TCM clinical researches and medical knowledge discovery.
Advances in information technology and its widespread growth in several areas of business, engineering, medical and scientific studies are resulting in information/data explosion. Knowledge discovery and decision making from such rapidly growing voluminous data is a challenging task in terms of data organization and processing, which is an emerging trend known as Big Data Computing; a new paradigm which combines large scale compute, new data intensive techniques and mathematical models to build data analytics. Big Data computing demands a huge storage and computing for data curation and processing that could be delivered from on-premise or clouds infrastructures. This paper discusses the evolution of Big Data computing, differences between traditional data warehousing and Big Data, taxonomy of Big Data computing and underpinning technologies, integrated platform of Big Data and Clouds known as Big Data Clouds, layered architecture and components of Big Data Cloud and finally discusses open technical challenges and future directions.