R-CNN的全称是Region-CNN,它可以说是是第一个成功将深度学习应用到目标检测上的算法。传统的目标检测方法大多以图像识别为基础。 一般可以在图片上使用穷举法选出所所有物体可能出现的区域框,对这些区域框提取特征并使用图像识别方法分类, 得到所有分类成功的区域后,通过非极大值抑制(Non-maximumsuppression)输出结果。

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Inference time, model size, and accuracy are three key factors in deep model compression. Most of the existing work addresses these three key factors separately as it is difficult to optimize them all at the same time. For example, low-bit quantization aims at obtaining a faster model; weight sharing quantization aims at improving compression ratio and accuracy; and mixed-precision quantization aims at balancing accuracy and inference time. To simultaneously optimize bit-width, model size, and accuracy, we propose pruning ternary quantization (PTQ): a simple, effective, symmetric ternary quantization method. We integrate L2 normalization, pruning, and the weight decay term to reduce the weight discrepancy in the gradient estimator during quantization, thus producing highly compressed ternary weights. Our method brings the highest test accuracy and the highest compression ratio. For example, it produces a 939kb (49$\times$) 2bit ternary ResNet-18 model with only 4\% accuracy drop on the ImageNet dataset. It compresses 170MB Mask R-CNN to 5MB (34$\times$) with only 2.8\% average precision drop. Our method is verified on image classification, object detection/segmentation tasks with different network structures such as ResNet-18, ResNet-50, and MobileNetV2.

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