经验软件工程为应用软件工程研究提供了一个具有很强的经验成分的论坛,并为发表与研究者和实践者相关的经验结果提供了一个场所。这里提出的实证研究通常涉及数据和经验的收集和分析,这些数据和经验可用于描述、评估和揭示软件开发可交付成果、实践和技术之间的关系。随着时间的推移,预计这些经验结果将形成一个知识体系,从而形成广为接受和形成良好的理论。《华尔街日报》还提供了行业经验报告,详细介绍了软件技术(过程、方法或工具)的应用及其在工业环境中的有效性。实证软件工程促进了行业相关研究的出版,解决了研究与实践之间的巨大差距。官网地址:http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/ese/

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A tenet of open source software development is to accept contributions from users-developers (typically after appropriate vetting). But should this include interventions done as part of research on open source development? Following an incident in which buggy code was submitted to the Linux kernel to see whether it would be caught, we conduct a survey among open source developers and empirical software engineering researchers to see what behaviors they think are acceptable. This covers two main issues: the use of publicly accessible information, and conducting active experimentation. The survey had 224 respondents. The results indicate that open-source developers are largely open to research, provided it is done transparently. In other words, many would agree to experiments on open-source projects if the subjects were notified and provided informed consent, and in special cases also if only the project leaders agree. While researchers generally hold similar opinions, they sometimes fail to appreciate certain nuances in the stand of developers. Examples include observing license restrictions on publishing open-source code and safeguarding the code. Conversely, researchers seem to be more concerned than developers about privacy issues. Based on these results, it is recommended that open source repositories and projects include research considerations in their access guidelines, and that researchers take care to ask permission also when not formally required to do so. We note too that the open source community wants to be heard, so professional societies and IRBs should consult with them when formulating ethics codes.

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