主题: Deep Learning with Python

摘要: 《 Python深度学习》第二版全面介绍了使用Python和强大的Keras库进行的深度学习领域。 由Keras的创建者Google AI研究人员FrançoisChollet撰写,此修订版已更新了新章节,新工具和最新研究中的尖端技术。 读者将通过实际示例和直观的说明来加深理解,这些示例使深度学习的复杂性易于理解。



In this paper we demonstrate how the Nengo neural modeling and simulation libraries enable users to quickly develop robotic perception and action neural networks for simulation on neuromorphic hardware using familiar tools, such as Keras and Python. We identify four primary challenges in building robust, embedded neurorobotic systems: 1) developing infrastructure for interfacing with the environment and sensors; 2) processing task specific sensory signals; 3) generating robust, explainable control signals; and 4) compiling neural networks to run on target hardware. Nengo helps to address these challenges by: 1) providing the NengoInterfaces library, which defines a simple but powerful API for users to interact with simulations and hardware; 2) providing the NengoDL library, which lets users use the Keras and TensorFlow API to develop Nengo models; 3) implementing the Neural Engineering Framework, which provides white-box methods for implementing known functions and circuits; and 4) providing multiple backend libraries, such as NengoLoihi, that enable users to compile the same model to different hardware. We present two examples using Nengo to develop neural networks that run on CPUs, GPUs, and Intel's neuromorphic chip, Loihi, to demonstrate this workflow. The first example is an end-to-end spiking neural network that controls a rover simulated in Mujoco. The network integrates a deep convolutional network that processes visual input from mounted cameras to track a target, and a control system implementing steering and drive functions to guide the rover to the target. The second example augments a force-based operational space controller with neural adaptive control to improve performance during a reaching task using a real-world Kinova Jaco2 robotic arm. Code and details are provided with the intent of enabling other researchers to build their own neurorobotic systems.