流形学习,全称流形学习方法(Manifold Learning),自2000年在著名的科学杂志《Science》被首次提出以来,已成为信息科学领域的研究热点。在理论和应用上,流形学习方法都具有重要的研究意义。假设数据是均匀采样于一个高维欧氏空间中的低维流形,流形学习就是从高维采样数据中恢复低维流形结构,即找到高维空间中的低维流形,并求出相应的嵌入映射,以实现维数约简或者数据可视化。它是从观测到的现象中去寻找事物的本质,找到产生数据的内在规律。

最新论文

We introduce manifold-modeling flows (MFMFs), a new class of generative models that simultaneously learn the data manifold as well as a tractable probability density on that manifold. Combining aspects of normalizing flows, GANs, autoencoders, and energy-based models, they have the potential to represent data sets with a manifold structure more faithfully and provide handles on dimensionality reduction, denoising, and out-of-distribution detection. We argue why such models should not be trained by maximum likelihood alone and present a new training algorithm that separates manifold and density updates. With two pedagogical examples we demonstrate how manifold-modeling flows let us learn the data manifold and allow for better inference than standard flows in the ambient data space.

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