在概率论和统计学中,协方差矩阵(也称为自协方差矩阵,色散矩阵,方差矩阵或方差-协方差矩阵)是平方矩阵,给出了给定随机向量的每对元素之间的协方差。 在矩阵对角线中存在方差,即每个元素与其自身的协方差。

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Gaussian quasi-likelihood estimation of the parameter $\theta$ in the square-root diffusion process is studied under high frequency sampling. Different from the previous study of Overbeck and Ryd\'{e}n(1998) under low-frequency sampling, high-frequency of data provides very simple form of the asymptotic covariance matrix. Through easy-to-compute preliminary contrast functions, a practical two-stage manner without numerical optimization is formulated in order to conduct not only an asymptotically efficient estimation of the drift parameters, but also high-precision estimator of the diffusion parameter. Simulation experiments are given to illustrate the results.

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Gaussian quasi-likelihood estimation of the parameter $\theta$ in the square-root diffusion process is studied under high frequency sampling. Different from the previous study of Overbeck and Ryd\'{e}n(1998) under low-frequency sampling, high-frequency of data provides very simple form of the asymptotic covariance matrix. Through easy-to-compute preliminary contrast functions, a practical two-stage manner without numerical optimization is formulated in order to conduct not only an asymptotically efficient estimation of the drift parameters, but also high-precision estimator of the diffusion parameter. Simulation experiments are given to illustrate the results.

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