机器人(英语:Robot)包括一切模拟人类行为或思想与模拟其他生物的机械(如机器狗,机器猫等)。狭义上对机器人的定义还有很多分类法及争议,有些电脑程序甚至也被称为机器人。在当代工业中,机器人指能自动运行任务的人造机器设备,用以取代或协助人类工作,一般会是机电设备,由计算机程序或是电子电路控制。

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2021世界机器人大会发布了《机器人十大前沿热点领域(2012-2022年)》,这十大领域包括人体人工肌肉与智能皮肤、机器人核心部件技术、机器视觉技术、微纳器件及微型执行器、虚拟现实机器人与交互技术等。

http://robotia.cn/files/1632898753att.pdf

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In this work, the problem of human-robot collaborative object transfer to unknown target poses is addressed. The desired pattern of the end-effector pose trajectory to a known target pose is encoded using DMPs (Dynamic Movement Primitives). During transportation of the object to new unknown targets, a DMP-based reference model and an EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) for estimating the target pose and time duration of the human's intended motion is proposed. A stability analysis of the overall scheme is provided. Experiments using a Kuka LWR4+ robot equipped with an ATI sensor at its end-effector validate its efficacy with respect to the required human effort and compare it with an admittance control scheme.

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