最新内容

The vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) based on dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) is a distributed communication system, in which all the nodes share the wireless channel with carrier sense multiple access/collision avoid (CSMA/CA) protocol. However, the competition and backoff mechanisms of CSMA/CA often bring additional delays and data packet collisions, which may hardly meet the QoS requirements in terms of delay and packets delivery ratio (PDR). Moreover, because of the distribution nature of security information in broadcast mode, the sender cannot know whether the receivers have received the information successfully. Similarly, this problem also exists in no-acknowledge (non-ACK) transmissions of VANET. Therefore, the probability of packet collisions should be considered in broadcast or non-ACK working modes. This paper presents a connection-level scheduling algorithm overlaid on CSMA/CA to schedule the start sending time of each transmission. By converting the object of reducing collision probability to minimizing the overlap of transmission durations of connections, the probability of backoff-activation can be greatly decreased. Then the delay and the probability of packet collisions can also be decreased. Numerical simulations have been conducted in our unified platform containing SUMO, Veins and Omnet++. The result shows that the proposed algorithm can effectively improve the PDR and reduce the packets collision in VANET.

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最新论文

The vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) based on dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) is a distributed communication system, in which all the nodes share the wireless channel with carrier sense multiple access/collision avoid (CSMA/CA) protocol. However, the competition and backoff mechanisms of CSMA/CA often bring additional delays and data packet collisions, which may hardly meet the QoS requirements in terms of delay and packets delivery ratio (PDR). Moreover, because of the distribution nature of security information in broadcast mode, the sender cannot know whether the receivers have received the information successfully. Similarly, this problem also exists in no-acknowledge (non-ACK) transmissions of VANET. Therefore, the probability of packet collisions should be considered in broadcast or non-ACK working modes. This paper presents a connection-level scheduling algorithm overlaid on CSMA/CA to schedule the start sending time of each transmission. By converting the object of reducing collision probability to minimizing the overlap of transmission durations of connections, the probability of backoff-activation can be greatly decreased. Then the delay and the probability of packet collisions can also be decreased. Numerical simulations have been conducted in our unified platform containing SUMO, Veins and Omnet++. The result shows that the proposed algorithm can effectively improve the PDR and reduce the packets collision in VANET.

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