软计算(Soft Computing)致力于基于软计算技术的系统解决方案。它提供了软计算技术的重要成果的快速传播,融合了进化算法和遗传规划、神经科学和神经网络系统、模糊集理论和模糊系统、混沌理论和混沌系统的研究。软计算鼓励将软计算技术和工具集成到日常和高级应用程序中。通过将软计算的思想和技术与其他学科联系起来。因此,该杂志是一个所有科学家和工程师在这个快速增长的领域从事研究和发展的国际论坛。 官网地址:http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/soco/

In this work, we argue that the implications of Pseudo and Quantum Random Number Generators (PRNG and QRNG) inexplicably affect the performances and behaviours of various machine learning models that require a random input. These implications are yet to be explored in Soft Computing until this work. We use a CPU and a QPU to generate random numbers for multiple Machine Learning techniques. Random numbers are employed in the random initial weight distributions of Dense and Convolutional Neural Networks, in which results show a profound difference in learning patterns for the two. In 50 Dense Neural Networks (25 PRNG/25 QRNG), QRNG increases over PRNG for accent classification at +0.1%, and QRNG exceeded PRNG for mental state EEG classification by +2.82%. In 50 Convolutional Neural Networks (25 PRNG/25 QRNG), the MNIST and CIFAR-10 problems are benchmarked, in MNIST the QRNG experiences a higher starting accuracy than the PRNG but ultimately only exceeds it by 0.02%. In CIFAR-10, the QRNG outperforms PRNG by +0.92%. The n-random split of a Random Tree is enhanced towards and new Quantum Random Tree (QRT) model, which has differing classification abilities to its classical counterpart, 200 trees are trained and compared (100 PRNG/100 QRNG). Using the accent and EEG classification datasets, a QRT seemed inferior to a RT as it performed on average worse by -0.12%. This pattern is also seen in the EEG classification problem, where a QRT performs worse than a RT by -0.28%. Finally, the QRT is ensembled into a Quantum Random Forest (QRF), which also has a noticeable effect when compared to the standard Random Forest (RF)... ABSTRACT SHORTENED DUE TO ARXIV LIMIT

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A new variant of stochastic opposition-based learning (OBL) is proposed in this paper. OBL is a relatively new machine learning concept, which consists of simultaneously calculating an original solution and its opposite to accelerate the convergence of soft computing algorithms. Recently a new opposition-based differential evolution (ODE) variant called BetaCODE was proposed as a combination of differential evolution and a new stochastic OBL variant called BetaCOBL. BetaCOBL is capable of flexibly adjusting the probability density functions used to calculate opposite solutions, generating more diverse opposite solutions, and preventing the waste of fitness evaluations. While it has shown outstanding performance compared to several state-of-the-art OBL variants, BetaCOBL is challenging with more complex problems because of its high computational cost. Besides, as it assumes that the decision variables are independent, there is a limitation in the search for decent opposite solutions on inseparable problems. In this paper, we propose an improved stochastic OBL variant that mitigates all the limitations of BetaCOBL. The proposed algorithm called iBetaCOBL reduces the computational cost from $O(NP^{2} \cdot D)$ to $O(NP \cdot D)$ ($NP$ and $D$ stand for population size and dimension, respectively) using a linear time diversity measure. In addition, iBetaCOBL preserves the strongly dependent decision variables that are adjacent to each other using the multiple exponential crossover. The results of the performance evaluations on a set of 58 test functions show that iBetaCODE finds more accurate solutions than ten state-of-the-art ODE variants including BetaCODE. Additionally, we applied iBetaCOBL to two state-of-the-art DE variants, and as in the previous results, iBetaCOBL based variants exhibit significantly improved performance.

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This article describes the application of soft computing methods for solving the problem of locating garbage accumulation points in urban scenarios. This is a relevant problem in modern smart cities, in order to reduce negative environmental and social impacts in the waste management process, and also to optimize the available budget from the city administration to install waste bins. A specific problem model is presented, which accounts for reducing the investment costs, enhance the number of citizens served by the installed bins, and the accessibility to the system. A family of single- and multi-objective heuristics based on the PageRank method and two mutiobjective evolutionary algorithms are proposed. Experimental evaluation performed on real scenarios on the cities of Montevideo (Uruguay) and Bahia Blanca (Argentina) demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approaches. The methods allow computing plannings with different trade-off between the problem objectives. The computed results improve over the current planning in Montevideo and provide a reasonable budget cost and quality of service for Bahia Blanca.

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In this chapter we discuss soft concept analysis, a study which identifies an enriched notion of "conceptual scale" as developed in formal concept analysis with an enriched notion of "linguistic variable" as discussed in fuzzy logic. The identification "enriched conceptual scale" = "enriched linguistic variable" was made in a previous paper (Enriched interpretation, Robert E. Kent). In this chapter we offer further arguments for the importance of this identification by discussing the philosophy, spirit, and practical application of conceptual scaling to the discovery, conceptual analysis, interpretation, and categorization of networked information resources. We argue that a linguistic variable, which has been defined at just the right generalization of valuated categories, provides a natural definition for the process of soft conceptual scaling. This enrichment using valuated categories models the relation of indiscernability, a notion of central importance in rough set theory. At a more fundamental level for soft concept analysis, it also models the derivation of formal concepts, a process of central importance in formal concept analysis. Soft concept analysis is synonymous with enriched concept analysis. From one viewpoint, the study of soft concept analysis that is initiated here extends formal concept analysis to soft computational structures. From another viewpoint, soft concept analysis provides a natural foundation for soft computation by unifying and explaining notions from soft computation in terms of suitably generalized notions from formal concept analysis, rough set theory and fuzzy set theory.

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With the advent of remote sensing satellites, a huge repository of remotely sensed images is available. Change detection in remotely sensed images has been an active research area as it helps us understand the transitions that are taking place on the Earths surface. This paper discusses the methods and their classifications proposed by various researchers for change detection. Since use of soft computing based techniques are now very popular among research community, this paper also presents a classification based on learning techniques used in soft-computing methods for change detection.

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This paper describes the application of artificial intelligence to the creation of digital art. AI is a computational paradigm that codifies intelligence into machines. There are generally three types of artificial intelligence and these are machine learning, evolutionary programming and soft computing. Machine learning is the statistical approach to building intelligent systems. Evolutionary programming is the use of natural evolutionary systems to design intelligent machines. Some of the evolutionary programming systems include genetic algorithm which is inspired by the principles of evolution and swarm optimization which is inspired by the swarming of birds, fish, ants etc. Soft computing includes techniques such as agent based modelling and fuzzy logic. Opportunities on the applications of these to digital art are explored.

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