arXiv(X依希腊文的χ发音,读音如英语的archive)是一个收集物理学、数学、计算机科学与生物学的论文预印本的网站,始于1991年8月14日。截至2008年10月,arXiv.org已收集超过50万篇预印本;至2014年底,藏量达到1百万篇。在2014年时,约以每月8000篇的速度增加。

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Recently, Dvo\v{r}\'ak, Norin, and Postle introduced flexibility as an extension of list coloring on graphs [JGT 19']. In this new setting, each vertex $v$ in some subset of $V(G)$ has a request for a certain color $r(v)$ in its list of colors $L(v)$. The goal is to find an $L$ coloring satisfying many, but not necessarily all, of the requests. The main studied question is whether there exists a universal constant $\epsilon >0$ such that any graph $G$ in some graph class $\mathcal{C}$ satisfies at least $\epsilon$ proportion of the requests. More formally, for $k > 0$ the goal is to prove that for any graph $G \in \mathcal{C}$ on vertex set $V$, with any list assignment $L$ of size $k$ for each vertex, and for every $R \subseteq V$ and a request vector $(r(v): v\in R, ~r(v) \in L(v))$, there exists an $L$-coloring of $G$ satisfying at least $\epsilon|R|$ requests. If this is true, then $\mathcal{C}$ is called $\epsilon$-flexible for lists of size $k$. Choi et al. [arXiv 20'] introduced the notion of weak flexibility, where $R = V$. We further develop this direction by introducing a tool to handle weak flexibility. We demonstrate this new tool by showing that for every positive integer $b$ there exists $\epsilon(b)>0$ so that the class of planar graphs without $K_4, C_5 , C_6 , C_7, B_b$ is weakly $\epsilon(b)$-flexible for lists of size $4$ (here $K_n$, $C_n$ and $B_n$ are the complete graph, a cycle, and a book on $n$ vertices, respectively). We also show that the class of planar graphs without $K_4, C_5 , C_6 , C_7, B_5$ is $\epsilon$-flexible for lists of size $4$. The results are tight as these graph classes are not even 3-colorable.

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