鲁棒是Robust的音译,也就是健壮和强壮的意思。它也是在异常和危险情况下系统生存的能力。比如说,计算机软件在输入错误、磁盘故障、网络过载或有意攻击情况下,能否不死机、不崩溃,就是该软件的鲁棒性。所谓“鲁棒性”,也是指控制系统在一定(结构,大小)的参数摄动下,维持其它某些性能的特性。根据对性能的不同定义,可分为稳定鲁棒性和性能鲁棒性。以闭环系统的鲁棒性作为目标设计得到的固定控制器称为鲁棒控制器。

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An increasing number of selective laser sintering and selective laser melting machines use off-axis infrared cameras to improve online monitoring and data-driven control capabilities. However, there is still a severe lack of algorithmic solutions to properly process the infrared images from these cameras that has led to several key limitations: a lack of online monitoring capabilities for the laser tracks, insufficient pre-processing of the infrared images for data-driven methods, and large memory requirements for storing the infrared images. To address these limitations, we study over 30 segmentation algorithms that segment each infrared image into a foreground and background. By evaluating each algorithm based on its segmentation accuracy, computational speed, and robustness against spatter detection, we identify promising algorithmic solutions. The identified algorithms can be readily applied to the selective laser sintering and selective laser melting machines to address each of the above limitations and thus, significantly improve process control.

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An increasing number of selective laser sintering and selective laser melting machines use off-axis infrared cameras to improve online monitoring and data-driven control capabilities. However, there is still a severe lack of algorithmic solutions to properly process the infrared images from these cameras that has led to several key limitations: a lack of online monitoring capabilities for the laser tracks, insufficient pre-processing of the infrared images for data-driven methods, and large memory requirements for storing the infrared images. To address these limitations, we study over 30 segmentation algorithms that segment each infrared image into a foreground and background. By evaluating each algorithm based on its segmentation accuracy, computational speed, and robustness against spatter detection, we identify promising algorithmic solutions. The identified algorithms can be readily applied to the selective laser sintering and selective laser melting machines to address each of the above limitations and thus, significantly improve process control.

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