状态估计根据可获取的量测数据估算动态系统内部状态的方法。对系统的输入和输出进行量测而得到的数据只能反映系统的外部特性,而系统的动态规律需要用内部(通常无法直接测量)状态变量来描述。因此状态估计对于了解和控制一个系统具有重要意义。

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Path planning over spatiotemporal models can be applied to a variety of applications such as UAVs searching for spreading wildfire in mountains or network of balloons in time-varying atmosphere deployed for inexpensive internet service. A notable aspect in such applications is the dynamically changing environment. However, path planning algorithms often assume static environments and only consider the vehicle's dynamics exploring the environment. We present a spatiotemporal model that uses a cross-correlation operator to consider spatiotemporal dependence. Also, we present an adaptive state estimation for path planning. Since the state estimation depends on the vehicle's path, the path planning needs to consider the trade-off between exploration and exploitation. We use a high-level decision-maker to choose an explorative path or an exploitative path. The overall proposed framework consists of an adaptive state estimator, a short-term path planner, and a high-level decision-maker. We tested the framework with a spatiotemporal model simulation where the state of each grid transits from normal, latent, and fire state. For the mission objective of visiting the grids with fire, the proposed framework outperformed the random walk (baseline) and the single-minded exploitation (or exploration) path.

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Path planning over spatiotemporal models can be applied to a variety of applications such as UAVs searching for spreading wildfire in mountains or network of balloons in time-varying atmosphere deployed for inexpensive internet service. A notable aspect in such applications is the dynamically changing environment. However, path planning algorithms often assume static environments and only consider the vehicle's dynamics exploring the environment. We present a spatiotemporal model that uses a cross-correlation operator to consider spatiotemporal dependence. Also, we present an adaptive state estimation for path planning. Since the state estimation depends on the vehicle's path, the path planning needs to consider the trade-off between exploration and exploitation. We use a high-level decision-maker to choose an explorative path or an exploitative path. The overall proposed framework consists of an adaptive state estimator, a short-term path planner, and a high-level decision-maker. We tested the framework with a spatiotemporal model simulation where the state of each grid transits from normal, latent, and fire state. For the mission objective of visiting the grids with fire, the proposed framework outperformed the random walk (baseline) and the single-minded exploitation (or exploration) path.

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