In this paper, we propose a new mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) model ontology and a novel constraint typology of MILP formulations. MILP is a commonly used mathematical programming technique for modelling and solving real-life scheduling, routing, planning, resource allocation, and timetabling optimization problems providing optimized business solutions for industry sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture, defence, healthcare, medicine, energy, finance, and transportation. Despite the numerous real-life Combinatorial Optimization Problems found and solved and millions yet to be discovered and formulated, the number of types of constraints (the building blocks of a MILP) is relatively small. In the search for a suitable machine-readable knowledge representation structure for MILPs, we propose an optimization modelling tree built based upon an MILP model ontology that can be used as a guide for automated systems to elicit an MILP model from end-users on their combinatorial business optimization problems. Our ultimate aim is to develop a machine-readable knowledge representation for MILP that allows us to map an end-user's natural language description of the business optimization problem to an MILP formal specification as a first step towards automated mathematical modelling.