Creativity, a process that generates novel and valuable ideas, involves increased association between task-positive (control) and task-negative (default) networks in brain. Inspired by this seminal finding, in this study we propose a creative decoder that directly modulates the neuronal activation pattern, while sampling from the learned latent space. The proposed approach is fully unsupervised and can be used as off-the-shelf. Our experiments on three different image datasets (MNIST, FMNIST, CELEBA) reveal that the co-activation between task-positive and task-negative neurons during decoding in a deep neural net enables generation of novel artifacts. We further identify sufficient conditions on several novelty metrics towards measuring the creativity of generated samples.

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