Multi-paragraph reasoning is indispensable for open-domain question answering (OpenQA), which receives less attention in the current OpenQA systems. In this work, we propose a knowledge-enhanced graph neural network (KGNN), which performs reasoning over multiple paragraphs with entities. To explicitly capture the entities' relatedness, KGNN utilizes relational facts in knowledge graph to build the entity graph. The experimental results show that KGNN outperforms in both distractor and full wiki settings than baselines methods on HotpotQA dataset. And our further analysis illustrates KGNN is effective and robust with more retrieved paragraphs.

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图神经网络 (GNN) 是一种连接模型,它通过图的节点之间的消息传递来捕捉图的依赖关系。与标准神经网络不同的是,图神经网络保留了一种状态,可以表示来自其邻域的具有任意深度的信息。近年来,图神经网络(GNN)在社交网络、知识图、推荐系统、问答系统甚至生命科学等各个领域得到了越来越广泛的应用。

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